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Isabel Elizabeth Plantagenet condesa Essex
Elizabeth Plantagenet (born circa 1464), Daughter of Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Lucy Lucy / Waite Wife of Sir Thomas Lumley Mother of Roger Lumley; Anne de Lumley, Baroness of Ogle; Sibilla de Hilton; Richard Lumley, 4th Baron Lumley; John Lumley and 2 others Sister of Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle and Grace Plantagenet
The Battle of Towton was fought during the English Wars of the Roses on 29 March 1461 in Yorkshire. It was "probably the largest and bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil". According to chroniclers, more than 50,000 soldiers from the Houses of York and Lancaster fought for hours amidst a snowstorm. A newsletter circulated a week after the battle reported that 28,000 men died. The engagement brought about a monarchical change in England—Edward IV displaced Henry VI as King of England.
Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York
Richard Plantagenet, the 3rd Duke of York (1411–60), was the father of Edward IV, Richard III, George of Clarence. He started the whole thing, by trying to push the Lancastrian Henry VI off the throne. He was killed in the battle of Wakefield, and Margaret of Anjou stuck his head on a pike above one of the gates into the city of York.
Jane Shore (1445?-1527)
The Penance of Jane Shore by William Blake is hanging in St. Paul's Church, c1793. Jane Shore, mistress of King Edward IV, is said to have been the daughter of Thomas Wainstead, a prosperous London mercer. She was well brought up, and married young to William Shore, a goldsmith. Edward called her the merriest of his concubines, and she exercised great influence. After Edward's death she was mistress to Thomas Grey, Marquess of Dorset, son of Elizabeth Woodville by her first husband.
Catherine or Katherine of York (14 August 1479 – 15 November 1527) was the ninth child and sixth daughter of King Edward IV by his wife Elizabeth Woodville. From birth to death, she was daughter to Edward IV, sister to Edward V, niece to Richard III, sister-in-law to Henry VII and aunt to Henry VIII.
Wars of the Roses ~ The Wars of the Roses were a complex set of civil wars which tore apart England in the 15th Century. The conflict pitched two sides of the royal family – the House of Plantagenet – against each other in a bid for the English throne. These two warring factions were known as the Houses of Lancaster and York.
File:Richard III signature 2.svg - Wikimedia Commons
Richard III's signature | Born in England on October 2, 1452, Richard III served as king of England for only two years, but his reign was one of the most historic and turbulent. He is credited with the responsibility for several murders, including those of his nephews Edward and Richard, and of Henry VI. He was the last English king to die in battle in 1485.