The lynching of Michael Donald in Mobile, Alabama, 1981. Two and a half years after the FBI took the case, Henry Hays and James Knowles were arrested. Bennie Hays was also indicted in Donald's murder but died before his trial began. Hays was convicted and executed in Alabama's electric chair, June 6, 1997. Hays was Alabama's first execution for a white-on-black crime since 1913, and also the only KKK member to be executed for the murder of an African-American during the 20th century.
Einstein, when he arrived in America, was shocked at how Black Americans were treated. “There is separation of colored people from white people in the United States," he said. "That separation is not a disease of colored people. It is a disease of white people. And, I do not intend to be quiet about it.” And, he wasn't.
In 1967, Kathrine Switzerwas the first woman to enter and complete the Boston Marathon as a numbered entry. She registered under the gender-neutral name of “K.V. Switzer”. After realizing that a woman was running, race organizer Jock Semple went after Switzer shouting, “Get the hell out of my race and give me those numbers.” however, Switzer’s boyfriend and other male runners provided a protective shield during the entire Marathon. These photographs taken of the incident made world headlines.
FREEDOM RIDER: see some of the diversity among people who risked their personal safety for tolerance, justice, and equality. Used and New Books for Progressive readers and Revolutionary Minds - Fahrenheit 451 Bookstores; at Amazon fah451books.com or on E-Bay at fah451bks.com Follow our blogs at fah451bks.wordpress.com
Her name is Frances Wilson and she was a Freedom Rider. Frances, a 23 year old student at Tennessee State University, was expelled for her participation in the Freedom Rides along with 14 other students. In 2008, the expelled students all received honorary doctorates from Tennessee State University. Frances received her honorary degree in 2011.
Her name is Winonah Myers and she was a white student at the historically black Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio. Arrested for being a Freedom Rider, she stayed in Parchman for her full 6-month sentence, the only Freedom Rider to serve a full term. "I felt there should be a little historical footnote that for sitting next to a friend on the (bus), this was the punishment meted out," she added. "I didn't think it would be recorded if no one had done the time." said Myers, 69
Cathay Williams - Became the first and the only known female Buffalo Soldier. Enlisting in the US Regular Army 1866 at St. Louis, Missouri for a three year engagement, passing herself off as a man. She is the first African American female to enlist, and the only documented to serve in the United States Army posing as a man under the pseudonym, William Cathay.
1945- A chronicle of the life of Lena Baker, the first woman to be sent to the electric chair in Georgia for the murder of her employer, who forced her into sexual slavery. Baker was charged with capital murder for killing her employer, Ernest Knight, In 2005, 60 years after her execution, the Georgia Parole Board issued Baker a full and unconditional pardon.