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Cesare Borgia, duca di Romagna, ringrazia Isabella d'Este Gonzaga, marchesa di Mantova, che gli ha inviato cento maschere in prossimità del carnevale e le promette infine di perorare la causa dei Gonzaga presso il papa riguardante il cardinalato di Sigismondo, fratello del marchese Francesco. Scrittura cancelleresca, lettera con sigillo aderente e firma autografa di Cesare Borgia che si dichiara duca di Romagna; segue la sottoscrizione del segretario: ''Agapitus''.
Cesare Borgia: Lion and Fox
In the Papal States, Cesare Borgia attacked these towns, which were then ruled by autonomous warlord princes. All these rulers should have held their towns as vassals of the papacy, but in fact did as they pleased. For example, when Louis XII invaded Italy they all declared themselves his allies.
Cesare Borgia, was reputed to have been extremely jealous of his brother, and when Juan was mysteriously murdered,the rumour spread that Cesare was the culprit. After the death of Juan, Cesare’s plans were laid for an important dynastic marriage for him, he travelled to France to marry Charlotte d’Albret, sister of the King of Navarre. At the same time he received from Louis XII, the French king, the title of duke of Valentinois, and from this title he derived his nickname—Il Valentino.
Cesare e Alessandro VI The eventual hope was that Cesare would conquer enough of Italy to establish his own state, and then possibly unify Italy under his sole command. To do this, the Borgias needed an extremely powerful ally who could supply the military muscle they desperately lacked…