The prophets proclaimed Christ
Justin summarizes the arguments he has made from the scriptures that show that Christ is the fulfillment of the prophecies of the Old Testament. While Joshua circumcised those entering the Holy Land, Christ circumcises the hearts of those who were in error to come to repentance.
God changes peoples names to signal significance
The changing of a name is significant in scripture. God changes Abraham’s name to show He would make him a father of many nations. So also, Oshea’s name was changed to Jesus (Joshua). Thus Joshua’s actions symbolize or prefigure how Christ succeeds or fulfills the Mosaic covenant.
Reading the Old Testament
To read the Old Testament without understanding that there are deeper meanings present throughout in prefigurement, types, and shadows is to not receive advantage from those prophetic writings. For all the Old Testament teaches the mysteries of the incarnation and New Covenant.
When one fails to investigate the deeper meaning of typology in the Old Testament, you impute much weakness to God. For in that way even Moses would have to be considered a transgressor, for while he ordered no likenesses to be made, he commanded a bronze serpent be erected.
Prefiguring our salvation
Just as the blood of the lamb on the door-post and lintel saved the Israelites in Egypt during the Passover, so the blood of Christ, shed on the cross at the Passover, saves us from sin. Also, the salvation of Rahab the harlot prefigures the salvation of those repenting of sin.
Christ in types and symbols
In types and symbols, God declared the truths of the coming of Christ in the Old Testament stories. During the battle with Amalek, Joshua, whose name had been altered to Jesus, led the fight and Moses held his arms in the sign of the cross foreshadowing the Lord’s two advents.
The vines planted by Christ
Let us look to the early Christians as examples. They were persecuted to the death. Beheaded, crucified, thrown to wild beasts, and all sorts of other tortures but did not give up their confession of Christ. Instead, they grew just as a fruit-bearing vine flourishes when trimmed.
Christ has come, He will come again
We acknowledge two advents of Christ. One in which He came as the suffering, crucified servant. The other when He shall come from heaven with glory. We wait therefore cultivating piety, righteousness, philanthropy, faith, and hope which we receive from the Father through Christ.
And the prophet Micah was given a prophecy of the coming of Christ. He saw that that people throughout the world would repent of their evil when they heard the doctrine preached by the apostles of the Lord. God would gather the lowly, afflicted, and oppressed and reign over them.
The dialogue with Trypho was written about 15 years after the expulsion of the Jew’s from the Holy Land due to the Bar Kokhba revolt. Christians refusal to support the revolt led to their persecution by Jews during the revolt and continued poisonous relationships afterwards.
God is kind and merciful
Let us not act like Jonah did when the city of Nineveh repented from it’s sin and was not destroyed. For God is kind and merciful. We should pray for those who are rampantly sinning in their worldly ignorance. We should rejoice when they call out to God and are granted mercy.
He rose again
St. Justin’s repetition of the Gospel accounts may seem redundant to us who assume that everyone has a bible easily available to them. But the history of the scriptures in this early age is less clear and Justin’s account helps validate that the Gospels (memoirs) were very early.
What is in a name?
What is in a name? In the scriptures, the changing of the name of an individual was significant in that it designated a special role for that individual. It also was significant because it identified Christ, in His naming power, as the same one who designated Jacob as Israel.
In the midst of the Church, praise Him
For the remainder of the 22nd Psalm, it is made manifest that the Father would grant to Christ all things and raise Him from the dead. All who fear God should Praise Him because He has had compassion on all races of believing men through the mystery of Him who was crucified.
Fight the good fight, finish the race, keep the faith. For God by His Son teaches us to strive earnestly to live out righteous lives of service to God, and at death to pray as Christ did on the Cross that our souls may be accepted by the Father.
Lord, save our souls
Christ is the only-begotten of the Father of all things, being begotten by Him in a peculiar manner, Word and Power, and become man through the Virgin. From the Cross, His prayer by incorporation of Psalm 22 gives us the petition when our life ends for the Father to take our soul.